H1N1 influenza A
Swine influenza also known as Swine flu and carries the scientific name H1N1 influenza A and refers to influenza caused by any strain of the influenza virus found in pigs.
Swine flu is normally rare in humans. These strains infrequently circulate between humans and rarely mutates into a form able to pass from human to human. In humans, the symptoms of swine flu are similar to those of the common flu and of influenza-like illness and consist of namely chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, and, weakness.
The 2009 outbreak in humans apparently is not due to a swine influenza virus. The strain is in most cases causing only mild symptoms and the infected people make a full recovery without medical attention and the use of antiviral medicines.
Preventing the spread of Swine flu in humans:
Avoid close contact.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too.
Stay home when you are sick.
If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick. You will help prevent others from catching your illness.
Cover your mouth and nose.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick.
Clean your hands.
Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.
Practice other good health habits.
Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food.
Swine Flu death in Texas timeline:
April 4 2009- A 22-month-old boy travels with his family to Matamoros, Mexico, from Mexico City on a commercial flight, to visit relatives in Brownsville, Texas, just across the border.
April 8 2009- boy develops fever and influenza-like symptoms.
April 13 2009- boy admitted to Brownsville area hospital.
April 14 2009- medical transport service transfers boy to Texas Children's Hospital in Houston, which has a world-class medical centre.
April 27 2009- boy dies of underlying problems associated with pneumonia.
April 29 2009- U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirm that boy had swine flu, making him the first confirmed U.S. death of the disease.
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